How to monitor the CPU usage of Elasticsearch cluster nodes

How to monitor the CPU usage of Elasticsearch cluster nodes #

Introduction #

This article will introduce how to use the INFINI Console to monitor the disk usage of Elasticsearch cluster nodes and alert them.

Prepare #

  • Download and install the latest version of INFINI Console
  • Register Elasticsearch cluster using INFINI Console

Create alerting rule #

Open INFINI Console in the browser, click Alerting > Rules on the left menu to enter the alerting management page, and then click the New button to enter the alerting rule creation page. Follow these steps to create an alerting rule:

  • Select the cluster (here you need to select the Elasticsearch cluster where the INFINI Console stores data, that is, the Elasticsearch cluster configured in the configuration file console.yml, if it is not registered to the INFINI Console, please register first)
  • Input the alerting object .infini_metrics* (select the index under the Elasticsearch cluster, or enter the index pattern, because the monitoring data collected by the INFINI Console is stored in the index .infini_metrics)
  • Input filter condition (Elasticsearch query DSL) Here we need to filter the monitoring metrics category to node_stats and the metadata category to elasticsearch. The DSL is as follows:
    "bool": {
        "must": [
                "term": {
                    "": {
                        "value": "node_stats"
                "term": {
                    "metadata.category": {
                        "value": "elasticsearch"
  • Select time field timestamp and statistical period for date histogram aggregation


  • Input the rule name
  • Group settings (optional, multiple can be configured), set when statistical metrics need to be grouped, because all registered to INFINI Console The Elasticsearch cluster monitoring metrics are stored in the index .infini_metrics, so you need to group according to the cluster ID first, and then group according to the node ID, Here we choose metadata.labels.cluster_id and metadata.labels.node_id.
  • Configure the alerting metrics, select the aggregation field payload.elasticsearch.node_stats.process.cpu.percent, and the statistics method avg.
  • Configure the metrics formula (when more than one alerting metrics is configured, you need to set a formula to calculate the target metrics), where the formula fx is configured as a. Then set the value type of the variable a to the ratio Ratio.
  • Configure the alerting conditions, configure three alerting conditions here, and configure the P2(Medium) alerting when the CPU usage is greater than 80 for continuous one cycle; Configure the continue for one cycle when the CPU usage is greater than 90, trigger the P1(High) alerting; Configure the continuous period to trigger the P0(Critical) alerting when the CPU usage is greater than 95;
  • Set the execution period, here is configured to execute a check every minute
  • Set the event title, the event title is a template, you can use template variables, template syntax and template variable usage reference here
  • Set the event content, the event content is a template, you can use template variables, template syntax and template variable usage reference here
Timestamp:{{.timestamp | datetime_in_zone "Asia/Shanghai"}}
ClusterID:{{index.group_values ​​0}};
NodeID:{{index.group_values ​​1}};
CPU:{{.result_value | to_fixed 2}}%;


  • Turn on the configure alerting channel switch, and select add in the upper right corner to quickly select an alerting channel template to fill. For how to create an alerting channel template, please refer to here
  • Set the silence period to 1 hour, that is, after the alerting rule is triggered, the notification message will only be sent once within an hour
  • Set the receiving period, the default is 00:00-23:59, that is, you can receive notification messages throughout the day

security settings

security settings

After the settings are complete, click the Save button to submit.

Receive alert notification message #

Wait for a while, and receive the DingTalk alerting message notification as follows:


You can see that the alert notification message displays the Elasticsearch cluster ID, node ID, and current CPU usage triggered by the current rule.

View the alerting message center #

In addition to receiving external notification messages, the INFINI Console Alert Message Center also generates an alert message. Click menu Alerting > Alerting Center to enter


Summary #

By using the INFINI Console alerting function, you can easily monitor the CPU usage of Elasticsearch cluster nodes. After configuring the alerting rule, once the CPU usage of any Elasticsearch node exceeds the set threshold, an alert will be triggered and an alert message will be sent.